The nun and missionary Mother Teresa, known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, dedicated her life to the care of the sick and the poor. Mother Teresa was born in Macedonia as a daughter of parents of Albanian descent and has been teaching in India for 17 years. In 1946 she experienced her “reputation in a reputation”. Her order founded a hospice; Centers for the blind, the elderly and the disabled; and a leper colony.
In 1979, Mother Teresa received the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work. She died in September 1997 and was beatified in October 2003. In December 2015, Pope Francis recognized a second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa and paved the way for her canonization on September 4, 2016.
|Real Name||Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu|
|Nickname||Blessed Teresa of Calcutta|
|Profession||Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height||in centimeters- 152 cm
in meters- 1.52 m
in Feet Inches- 5’
|Date of Birth||26 August 1910|
|Birth Place||Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
(modern Skopje, Republic of Macedonia)
|Date of Death||5 September 1997|
|Place of Death||Calcutta (now Kolkata), West Bengal, India|
|Age (as on 5 September 1997)||87 Years|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Virgo|
|Nationality||Ottoman subject (1910–1912)
Serbian subject (1912–1915)
Bulgarian subject (1915–1918)
Yugoslavian subject (1918–1943)
Yugoslavian citizen (1943–1948)
Indian citizen (1948–1997)
|Educational Qualifications||Learned English at Loreto Abbey in Rathfarnham, Ireland.|
|Family||Father– Nikollë Bojaxhiu (Albanian businessman, benefactor and politician
Mother– Dranafile Bojaxhiu
Brother– Lazar Bojaxhiu
Sister– Aga Bojaxhiu
|Major Controversies||• She had been criticized by the media for issuing orders related with financial mismanagement.
• When Indira Gandhi suspended civil liberties in 1975, she was criticized for making a controversial statement in which she said: “People are happier. There are more jobs. There are no strikes.”
• She was criticized for encouraging members of her order to secretly baptise dying patients.
• In 1991, British Journal The Lancet‘s editor, Robin Fox, criticized her for serving low quality medical care at her Home for Dying Destitutes in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
|Boys, Affairs and More|
Interesting Facts About Mother Teresa
- Mother Teresa was born in Skopje (modern Republic of Macedonia), a city at the crossroads of the Balkans.
- She was the youngest of her parents’ three children.
- In her childhood, she was fascinated by the lives of the missionaries and their ministry in Bengal, India.
- She was baptized as Gonxha Agnes.
- At five and a half, she received her first communion and was confirmed in November 1916.
- Her father died when she was 8 years old.
- In September 1928, out of a desire to become a missionary, she left home at the age of 18 to join the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Sisters of Loretoin, Ireland.
- When she left home aged 18, she never saw her family members in her life again.
- It was named Sister Mary Teresa after St. Therese at Sisters of Loretoin Ireland.
- She came to India in 1929 and started her novitiate in Darjeeling.
- In Darjeeling, she learned Bengali and began teaching at the St. Teresa School.
- On May 24, 1931 she made her first religious vows of a nun.
- On May 14, 1937, she made her solemn vows while teaching at Loreto Convent School in East Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- In 1944, she became headmistress of the Loreto Convent School, having served there for nearly 20 years.
- The famine in Bengal in 1943 and the outbreak of Hindu-Muslim violence in August 1946 deeply disturbed her.
- On September 10, 1946, she got her inspiration, her call within a call, as she took a train from Calcutta to Darjeeling.
- On August 17, 1948, she wore a blue-edged white sari for the first time and entered the world of the poor through the gates of the Loreto Monastery.
- On December 21, 1948, she visited a slum for the first time and took care of an elderly man lying sick in the street, washed the wounds of some children and cared for a woman who died of starvation and tuberculosis.
- By the Vatican’s permission, a new congregation of Charity Missionaries was officially founded on October 7, 1950 in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- At the height of Beirut’s lake in 1982, she rescued 37 children trapped in a front-line hospital.
- By 1996, it had 517 missions in more than 100 countries.
- In 1962 she was awarded Padma Shri (fourth highest civilian award of the Indian government).
- She was awarded in 1962 with the Philippines based Ramon Magsaysay Award.
- It has become an international celebrity in the early 1970s.
- In 1980, she was awarded the highest civilian prize in India, Bharat Ratna.
- In 1992, her official biography was written and published by an Indian official, Navin Chawla.
- In 1979 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
- In 1997 actress Geraldine Chaplin played Mother Teresa in Mother Teresa: In the name of the Poor God.
- In 2014, the movie The Letters was shot, based on her letters to Vatican priest Celeste van Exem, and her role was played by Juliet Stevenson.
- In the 2007 film How to Lose Friends and Alienate People, Mother Teresa was portrayed by Megan Fox.
- September 4, 2016 is scheduled to be held by the Vatican to sanctify Mother Teresa.