Rajneesh (born Chandra Mohan Jain, December 11, 1931 – January 19, 1990), also known as Acharya Rajneesh, Bhagwan Shri Rajneesh and later as Osho (/ ˈoʊʃoʊ /), was an Indian god-man and founder of the Rajneesh movement. In his lifetime he was considered a controversial new leader and mystic of the religious movement.
|Real Name||Chandra Mohan Jain|
|Nickname||Acharya Rajneesh, Osho|
|Profession||Mystic, Spiritual Teacher and Leader of The Rajneesh Movement|
|Date of Birth||11 December 1931|
|Birth Place||Kuchwada Village, Bareli Tehsil, Raisen, Madhya Pradesh|
|Date of Death||19 January 1990|
|Place of Death||Pune, Maharashtra, India|
|Age (at the time of death)||58 Years|
|Death Cause||Heart Failure|
|Hometown||Bareli, Madhya Pradesh|
|College||Hitkarini College, Jabalpur
D. N. Jain College, Jabalpur
Sagar University, Sagar(Madhya Pradesh)
|Educational Qualification||M.A. Philosophy|
|Family||Father– Babulal Jain (Sw Devateerth Bharti) (Mar 21, 1908-Sep 8, 1979)
Mother– Saraswati Bai Jain (Ma Amrit Saraswati) (Nov 23, 1913-May 17, 1995)
Brothers– Vijay Kumar Khate, Shailendra Shekhar, Amit Mohan Khate, Aklank Kumar Khate, Niklank Kumar Jain
|Address||Osho International Meditation Resort, 17 Koregaon Park, Pune|
|Controversies||• The federal grand jury of Portland prosecuted him with his disciples for creating a conspiracy to evade immigration laws on 23 October 1985.
• Due to his involvement in the serious crimes of bioterror attack (food poisoning of 751 individuals in The Dalles, Oregon in 1984 and an assassination plot to murder US Attorney Charles H Turner in 1985, he was arrested with his sannyasins in October 1985 and was given ten- years suspended sentence with five years’ trial and a $400,000 penalty, later he deported from the United States through an Alford plea bargain.
• 21 countries of the world denied him entry after his exile from the United States.
• He called orthodox Indian religions as dead with empty rituals and stated that the backwardness of India can be treated through capitalism, birth control, and science.
• His ashram defamed due to the Encounter group’s therapies like physical aggression and sexual encounters between participants.
• Some foreign sannyasins of his ashram were also alleged for prostitution and drugs business.
• In 1970, the Indian government cancelled the tax-exempt status of his ashram and denied visas to those foreigners who wanted to visit his ashram in India.
• In May 1980, believing him to be an agent of the CIA, Vilas Tupe a young Hindu fundamentalist tried to kill him during one of his discourses.
• According to intellectual observers, his late seventies lectures were less focused intellectually and were more ethnic filled with dirty jokes to entertain the audience.
|Girls, Affairs and More|
|Affairs/Girlfriends||Sheela Ambalal Patel or Ma Anand Sheela
Ma Prem Nirvano (Ma Yoga Vivek) (Allegedly)
|Net Worth||$45 million (Rs.4.5 crore)|
Some Lesser Known Facts About Osho (Rajneesh)
- Did Osho smoke?: Not known
- Did Osho drink alcohol ?: Yes
- He was against the static belief systems of religious traditions and emphasized meditation through his syncretistic teachings welcomed by the new generation of the West.
- Because of his open attitude towards human sexuality, he received the name “Sex Guru” in the Indian media and in the USA the name “Rolls-Royce Guru” (due to his luxurious lifestyle).
- His parents were Taranapanthi Jains and worked in a cloth shop.
- He grew up under the protection of his maternal grandparents up to the age of seven. According to Rajneesh, this period had a huge impact on his personality, as his grandmother kept him completely free in the atmosphere without restrictions and never forced him to do a traditional education.
- After the death of his grandfather, he moved to his parents’ house in Gadarwara (Madhya Pradesh).
- During his youth he was heavily affected by the death of his grandfather and the premature death of his cousin.
- In his school days he was a talented student and a good debator.
- He gradually accepted antitheism and developed an interest in hypnosis.
- He was associated with the Indian nationalist organizations called Indian National Army and Rashtriya Sawayamsevak Sangh, but he soon left them.
- At the age of nineteen, he graduated from Hitkarini College in Jabalpur and then moved to D. N. Jain College in Jabalpur.
- Due to his disturbing reasoning, he was asked to leave class but was able to come to the exams.
- In his spare time at college, he worked as an editorial assistant at a local newspaper agency.
- From 1951 to 1968 he participated in and discussed the Sarva Dharma Collections (gatherings of all faiths) organized annually by the Taranpanthi Jain community in Jabalpur.
- He opposed his parents’ decision to get married.
- According to Rajneesh, he was lit under a tree on March 21, 1953 in the Bhanvartal garden in Jabalpur.
- In 1957 he graduated in philosophy from the University of Sagar and became a teacher at Sanskrit College in Raipur.
- The Vice Chancellor of Raipur College considered him a threat to the moral character of his students and asked him to be transferred to another college.
- In 1958 he taught as a lecturer at the University of Jabalpur and was promoted to professor in 1960.
- In the 1960s, he traveled throughout India as a speaker and strong critic of Mahatma Gandhi, socialism and Hindu orthodoxy.
- In 1962 he opened the meditation camp in his Jivan Jagruti Kendra (meditation centers), which continued to expand to the Jivan Jagruti Andolan (life-awakening movement).
- After a controversial speech during a tour in 1966, he had to resign from his teaching post.
- At the Second World Hindu Conference in 1969, he declared that a true religion should teach ways of enjoying life, and criticized priests as motivated by self-interest.
- In 1970 he expanded his mission through religious discourses and gave a new insight into religious traditions and mysticism.
- On September 26, 1970, he initiated his students as Neo-Sannyasins. His secretary Laxmi Thakarsi Kuruwa was his first student to be renamed Ma Yoga Laxmi. It helped him financially to regulate his movement.
- In December 1970 he moved to the Woodlands Apartments in Mumbai, where he gave lectures without traveling anywhere.
- In 1971 he received the title “Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh”.
- In 1974 he founded an ashram in Pune (currently known as the Osho International Meditation Resort). From 1974 to 1981 he held his discourses, which could be recorded and printed for worldwide distribution.
- In 1975, many therapy groups from the Human Potential Movement took over. They also made good income for his ashram.
- The day began in the Pune Ashram with meditation, followed by a spontaneous 90-minute lecture on religious scriptures and answering questions from visitors. During the day people practiced numerous meditation techniques and different types of therapy, and in the evening Rajneesh talked to his students.